When you need fast financial relief, there are numerous financial options. But unfortunately, there has recently been an increase in loan scams. So how can you ensure your personal information stays protected? Learn how to check if a loan company is legitimate so you can safely apply for emergency cash!
What Is a Loan Scam?
A loan scam is a fake financial transaction offered by a person or entity that commits fraudulent activity. Scammers typically try to gain access to your Personal Identifiable Information (PII) to compromise your identity and finances.
These are a few examples of personal identification numbers:
- Your Social Security number (SSN)
- Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN)
- Credit card number
- Passport number
- Driver’s license number
Scammers use various deceptive practices to trick consumers into thinking they operate a legitimate loan company. Loan scammers typically create fake websites, company logos, caller IDs, and social media pages to impersonate legitimate loan companies. Everyone is at risk of working with fraudulent businesses, so it’s essential to know how to spot a loan scam.
How Common Are Loan Scams?
Millions of people become victims of loan scams every year due to realistic impersonations of legitimate loan companies. According to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), eight million fraud reports were made in 2021! Unfortunately, there has been a steady rise in loan scams lately. Fraud reports increased by 70% from 2020.
In 2021, there were approximately 5.8 billion dollars in losses. Consumers also had roughly 2.3 billion dollars in losses from government imposter scams. These figures can be alarming, but thankfully there are bright red flags that signify you are working with a loan scammer.
Warning Signs of Personal Loan Scams
There are plenty of debt relief scams online, so it’s critical to do thorough research before applying with a financial institution. Below are common tactics used by loan scammers that you need to be aware of. Knowing what to watch out for can make it easier to avoid predatory lenders and scams.
Sense of Urgency
Suppose you submit your contact information for personal loans online, and the lender starts blowing up your phone or email inbox. In that case, you might be dealing with an illegitimate company. Legitimate financial institutions do not pressure potential borrowers to apply. You may receive additional information about the company. Still, you should not be bombarded with excessive emails, texts, or phone calls. If you feel like the lender is creating a sense of urgency, it may be better to avoid further communication.
Harassment is any unwelcome behavior from a person or entity. According to the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA), the following actions can be considered creditor harassment:
- Repetitive phone calls
- Coarse or offensive language
- Threats of violence
- Other behavior meant to annoy
Have you inquired about fast cash loans online and are now dealing with harassing behavior from the lender? It’s in your best interest to avoid working with that financial institution. Legitimate lenders do not harass potential borrowers. If a lender does display harassing behavior, you can report them to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB).
You can look for instant bad credit loans if you have negative information on your credit report and bad credit. While there are lenders that have flexible qualification requirements, take caution if you come across a lender that advertises personal loans with guaranteed approval. You may be in danger of personal loan fraud if you get loan approval before undergoing a credit check or providing income information.
But remember that guaranteed approval is not the same as instant approval. Many reputable online lenders promote instant approval because the approval process for legitimate personal loans is quick and secure.
While a legitimate lender may ask for an application fee, you should never expect to pay money upfront before you receive emergency cash or read a financial contract. You may not be dealing with a legit loan company if the loan company is adamant about payment for immediate payday loans or personal loans. Avoid working with any loan company that requests money through an untraceable payment option like cryptocurrency or Prepaid cards.
Loan Offers Over the Phone
Many borrowers work with online lenders because they offer convenience and a faster approval process. But when you apply for online installment loans with instant approval, you should be cautious of lenders that make offers over the phone. It is illegal for loan companies to make loan offers over the phone and request an upfront payment. Online lenders should have a secure website that allows you to provide your personal and bank account information safely.
What To Do if You Paid a Loan Scammer
If you think you have been the victim of a loan scammer, it’s essential to take immediate action. The steps you need to take depend on how you made a payment to the scam artist.
You Paid With a Debit or Credit Card
If you notice you are in contact with a fraudster after paying with a debit or credit card, contact your financial institution immediately. Inform a financial agent that there has been a fraudulent charge and ask for a payment reversal. A payment reversal allows you to get your money back from a transaction.
You Paid With a Gift Card
When gift cards are given to fraudulent businesses, many consumers assume their money is permanently lost. However, you can contact the company that issued the gift card. You may be able to get your money back if you explain that the gift card is part of a loan scam.
You Paid With a Wire Transfer
If you are involved in a personal loan scam and sent money via a wire transfer, you may be able to take action. If you sent the wire transfer through a company like Western Union or MoneyGram, contact the company and inform them of the fraudulent transaction as soon as possible. If you take immediate action, you may get a reversal payment. You can report wire transfers through a bank or credit union by speaking with the fraud department. Explain the situation and ask the agent to reverse the wire transfer.
You Paid With Cryptocurrency
Unfortunately, cryptocurrency payments are usually not reversible unless the payee agrees to send the money back. However, you can try contacting the crypto company and explaining that you are the victim of an illegitimate loan servicer.
If You Paid With Cash
Mailed cash payments can be intercepted when you contact the U.S. Postal Inspection Service. If you sent cash through another mailing service, contact them and ask if they can intercept the package.
What To Do if a Loan Scammer Has Your Personal Information
Suppose you accidentally gave a scammer your personal information. In that case, you can prevent fraudulent activity by taking action as soon as you realize your predicament.
If You Gave Your SSN
Your Social Security Number (SSN) should always be secure because if a scammer gets ahold of it, you may become a victim of identity theft. If you give your SSN to an illegitimate loan company, report identity theft immediately to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
If You Gave Your Username And/or Password
If you gave your financial login information to a disreputable lender, change your password to prevent access. Luckily, many online websites have two-step verification processes. If you get locked out of your account, contact the financial institution to report fraud and unlock your account.
Legitimate Loans You Should Avoid Applying For
No matter how desperate your financial situation is, you should avoid applying for certain types of loans from reputable lenders. Due to predatory lending practices, you should avoid payday loans, check advance loans, 401(K) loans, and auto title loans.
All of these loans are debt traps because although they offer fast financial support, they have incredibly high-interest rates. When your interest rates are too high, you can struggle during the repayment process because monthly payments will be unaffordable. You risk falling into default if you miss multiple payments due to monetary struggles. A loan default can result in serious financial issues that disrupt your life.
Legitimate business lenders typically report missed payments to one of the three major credit bureaus when the bill is 30 days late. Late payments will remain on your credit reports for two years. Unfortunately, your credit history will be negatively affected for several months! In the future, you may have fewer financial options because most legitimate lenders avoid working with borrowers with high-risk behavior in their credit reports.
Lenders and brokers may sell the debt to a collection agency when a borrower defaults on a loan. Debt collection agencies will hound you for payment; if you fail to pay, they may file a lawsuit against you. If a debt collection agency sues you, you will have to appear in court. When you need money urgently, comparing loan offers and paying close attention to the repayment terms is critical.
The Bottom Line: Loan Scams
If you want to apply for a loan, you need to know how to spot a loan scam. Scammers are getting better at deception but still display various bright red flags. If there is a lender you want to work with, take time to do thorough research on them to verify the company is legitimate! Knowing how to check if a loan company is legitimate can help you avoid fraudulent activity and financial loss.
Loan Scams and Loans to Avoid│Debt.org LLC
What Is Considered Creditor Harassment?│Busch, Reed, Jones & Leeper, P.C.
What To Do if You Were Scammed│Federal Trade Commission