A bad credit loan is a loan product designed for borrowers who have lower average credit scores. Having a low credit score can make it difficult to obtain credit or loan products. And if you can get the loan you need, it may mean paying higher interest rates and fees.
Bad credit loans—payday loans, title loans, pawn shop loans, or cash advance loans to name a few—are a financial option that many consider when faced with emergency financial situations. In fact, as of 2023, as many as 12 million Americans use payday loans every year.¹
This guide aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of bad credit loans, focusing on the risks involved as well as safer, and potentially more affordable alternatives.
What Is A Bad Credit Loan?
Many bad credit loans are characterized by having shorter repayment periods and high interest rates and fees. They’re targeted toward borrowers who are struggling financially and don’t have a credit score high enough for traditional loan and credit products.
Here’s a list of some of the most common bad credit loans you may encounter:
How Do Bad Credit Loans Work?
The main appeal of a bad credit loan is that even a person with a lower-than-average credit score can be approved for one. Some lenders will still lend to these low-credit borrowers despite knowing their credit history, while others might not check their credit scores at all.
Acquiring one of these loans is typically the same basic process as any loan or credit card. You would first apply for the loan—typically providing minimal documentation—often just a pay stub and a bank statement. The lender then reviews your application and makes a decision. For many bad credit loans, the decision-making process won’t involve a hard credit check. Some lenders may not ask for much information at all.
If you’re approved, the lender may provide cash, a check, or even direct deposit.
It’s the repayment process that makes these loans difficult in many cases. A lot of bad credit options need to be repaid within only a couple of weeks, in one lump sum. High fees and a short repayment term is the combination of factors that make these loans risky.
Key Concepts of Bad Credit Loans
High-risk loans, often unsecured
Usually small, ranging from $100 to $1,000
Extremely high, sometimes exceeding 400% APR
Very short, often two weeks to one month
Typically a single lump sum repayment
Fees for initiating the loan, often a percentage of the loan amount
Late Payment Fees
High fees for late payments, often leading to a cycle of debt
Credit Score Impact
Generally negative, especially if the loan is not repaid on time
How to Avoid a Risky Bad Credit Loan
1. Find A Credible and Established Lender
Having bad credit doesn’t mean you need to settle for just any lender. It means that you will likely have to work a little bit more to find the right lender for your specific situation. Rest assured, there are loans and lenders out there that can help, and aren’t seeking to take advantage of you with hidden fees and unfavorable terms and conditions. Research online, read reviews, and talk to friends and family that have taken out loans, to find the right lender for you.
2. Consider Rates, Fees, Terms & Conditions
For this step, it’s crucial that you familiarize yourself with APRs and other terms, conditions, and fees that lenders charge. The terms of many bad credit loans are often unfavorable to the borrower. It’s crucial to read the fine print to understand the interest rates, fees, and repayment terms. A very high APR and very short repayment period is a dangerous combination. Make sure you understand these loan factors, so you can get the best deal.
3. Consider The Loan Term and Amount You Need
Some of these lenders may try to give you more money than you actually need. This is a red flag and should be avoided. The general rule is to never take more money than you need. After all, it means paying back more, owing more interest, and higher fees. Only agree to the exact amount that you need. Many bad credit loans may not have a very long repayment plan either. Look for a loan and lender that suits your needs.
4. Determine Your Overall Ability to Manage The Loan
Can you afford the payments? If the answer is no, then the loan should probably be avoided if possible. Otherwise, keep looking for a loan and lender that will work with you to get the term and payments that work within your budget. Credible lenders will consider your overall ability to repay a loan before approving you. This may not be the case with some bad credit options.
Alternatives to Bad Credit Loans
It may not be easy, but there are lenders out there that can offer you a safe and affordable alternative to many bad credit loans. It will just take some time and research to find them. One option that many low-credit borrowers choose is a personal installment loan.
Personal Installment Loans
A personal installment loan is one that borrowers repay through regular installments over the course of several months, or even years in some cases. Many of them also tend to offer lower interest rates than your average payday loan.
Personal installment loans are unsecured, which means that you won’t be required to offer up any collateral in order to receive one. Lenders will generally check your income details to ensure you can repay the loan. They may also perform a soft credit check, which shouldn’t affect your credit score. Many borrowers with poor credit scores can still be approved for personal installment loans.
Key Takeaways for Personal Installment Loans:
- Unsecured, requiring no collateral
- Larger loan amounts on average than payday loans
- Longer repayment periods than payday loans
- Lower APRs than many bad credit options
How Can CreditNinja Help?
The CreditNinja Dojo is designed to be a helpful resource in your personal finance journey. Learn more about bad credit loans, personal loans, credit options, and other personal finance basics. Maintaining a deep understanding of personal finance topics can help you to navigate the overwhelming world of loans and credit options.
Bad credit loans, characterized by their extremely high interest rates and short repayment terms, can potentially pose significant risks to borrowers. Unfortunately, they often lead to a cycle of debt that can be difficult to escape. Therefore, it’s crucial to consider safer alternatives like personal installment loans, which offer more reasonable terms and the opportunity for borrowers to improve their financial situation over time.
When faced with a financial crisis, it’s easy to opt for quick solutions without considering the long-term consequences. However, the choices you make today can affect your future for years to come.
- Payday Loan Debt Statistics | Debt Hammer